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?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????ǹ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????[5]???????????????????о???????????????????????????????????????????????????90???????????????????[6]??С?????????????????е??棬????????й?????????С????????????????????[7]???????????????????????????è?????????????????????????????????????[8]?????????в???????С????????????????????????????????è??????

 

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????[9]??Allen????[9]??????????????飬?????????????????????è?????????????????????????Ч??????????è????????????????????????????????????????Shiloh????[10]??58λ?????????????????????????飬?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Pendry??Vandagriff[11]??249????????????????????飬????????A?飩?????????10???????????B?飩???10??????????????????????????????C?飩?????????ж??????????D?飩??????????????????????????????????????????Σ??????????????????????15??25?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????A??????????????????????????????????????飬Pendry??Vandagriff???????????????10??????????????????????????????Pendry??Vandagriff?????ó??????У????????й???????о????????????????????????????????????????У????????о????????????????????????????????彡?????????????????????????е?????????????????????????????????????????о??????????????????С?????????????????????

 

???????????????????Beetz????[12]???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????о?????????????????????????????????????м????????????о??????????????????????Ч???Beetz??????69????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????д???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????в??????

 

????????????罻????McNicholas??Collis[13]???????????????????罻?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Ч????????????м?????????????????????????????????????[14]???????????????????????????????????????????罻???????????????У???????????????????????????[15]????????????????????彡??????

 

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??????е???棬???????????????С????????????????????????????????????????С???????????????ι????????????????????????????С????????????????????2013??3????????????????????????????????п????????????????????????????????????????л???????????????????С??????????????????????????С????????????????????????????δ????????????

 

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?ο???????

[1] J. Nimer, B. Lundahl, Animal-assisted therapy: A meta-analysis, Anthrozoos 20 (2007) 225-238.

[2] M. E. O??Haire, et al., Animal may act as social buffers: Skin conductance arousal in children with autism spectrum disorder in a social context, Developmental Psychobiology 57 (2015) 584-595.

[3] C. Braun, et al., Animal-assisted therapy as a pain relief intervention for children, Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 15 (2009) 105-109.

[4] Y. Barak, et al., Animal-assisted therapy for elderly schizophrenic patients: A one-year controlled trial, American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 9 (2001) 439-442.

[5] K. J. Coleman, et al., Physical activity, weight status, and neighborhood characteristics of dog walkers, Preventive Medicine 47 (2008) 309-312.

[6] H. Cutt, et al., Understanding dog owners?? increased levels of physical activity: Results from RESIDE. American Journal of Public Health 98 (2008) 66-69.

[7] A. Timperio, et al., Is dog ownership or dog walking associated with weight status in children and their parents? Health Promotion Journal of Australia 19 (2008) 60-63.

[8] J. Saunders, et al., Exploring the differences between pet and non-pet owners: Implications for human-animal interaction research and policy, PLoS ONE 12 (2017) e0179494.

[9] K. Allen, J. Blascovich, W. B. Mendes, Cardiovascular reactivity and the presence of pets, friends, and spouses: the truth about cats and dogs, Psychosomatic Medicine 64 (2002) 727-739.

[10] S. Shiloh, G. Sorek, J. Terkel, Reduction of state-anxiety by petting animals in a controlled laboratory experiment, Anxiety, Stress, and Coping 16 (2003) 387-395.

[11] P. Pendry, J. L. Vandagriff, Animal Visitation Program (AVP) Reduces Cortisol Levels of University Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial, AERA Open 5(2) (2019) 1-12.

[12] A. Beetz, et al., Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: the possible role of oxytocin, Frontiers in Psychology 3 (2012) 234.

[13] J. McNicholas, G. M. Collis, Dogs as catalysts for social interactions: Robustness of the effect, British Journal of Psychology 91 (2000) 61-70.

[14] D. R. Lane, J. McNicholas, G. M. Collis, Dogs for the disabled: Benefits to recipients and welfare of the dog, Applied Animal Behaviour Science 59 (1998) 49-60.

[15] ????????????????????????????????????????????F Data????2021?????4???

[16] B. Headey, Health benefits and health cost savings due to pets: preliminary estimates from an Australian national survey, Social Indicators Research 47 (1999) 233-243.

[17] J. McNicholas, et al., Pet ownership and human health: a brief review of evidence and issues, BMJ 331 (2005) 1252-1254.

[18] B. Headey, M. Grabka, Pets and Human Health in Germany and Australia: National Longitudinal Results, Social Indicators Research 80 (2007) 297-311.

[19] M. Caliendo, S. Kopeinig, Some practical guidance for the implementation of propensity score matching, Journal of Economic Surveys 22 (2008) 31-72.

[20] L. Marino, S. O. Lilienfeld, More Flawed Data and More Flawed Conclusions, Anthrozoös 20 (2007) 239-249.

[21] D. L. Wells, The State of Research on Human-Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health, Anthrozoös 32 (2019) 169-181.

[22] J. Pearl, Causality: Models, Reasoning, and Inference, Cambridge University Press, 2009.

[23] M. K. Mueller, et al., Demographic and contextual factors as moderators of the relationship between pet ownership and health, Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine 9 (2021) 701-723.

[24] G. Z. H. Gan, et al., Pet ownership and its influence on mental health in older adults, Aging & Mental Health 24 (2020) 1605-1612.

[25] M. Cinelli, The echo chamber effect on social media, PNAS 118 (2021) e2023301118.




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